The world of website development is shrouded in mystery for most non-developers. You may have heard the terms front-end and back-end developer, but have no clue what the difference between them is. In this post, we will clarify the difference between front-end and back-end developers, and also explain how those differences are beginning to blur thanks to new technologies.
Front-end developers focus on how a website looks. They take the design and build in the images, styles, and structure to give it a consistent and attractive character. They work on the appearance and user interface of a website. This includes everything a visitor experiences on the site—the text colors, buttons, navigation, and so on.
Back-end developers focus on how a website works, dealing with the communication between the database and the browser. They are the ones who integrate the site into a CMS (Content Management System) and build custom CMS plugins if special functionality is needed. Historically, back-end developers have used PHP, Ruby, Python, MySQL and many other languages to do their work. Back-end development deals with your business logic and integrating data. If front-end developers focus on looks and user-experience, then back-end developers work on everything website visitors don’t see.
The Blurring of the Devs.
Despite the constant flux of technology, there will still often be two types of developers: those who work on the functionality side (traditionally Back-End developers) and those who work on the appearance side (traditionally Front-End developers). Their titles may change, but all the work remains necessary to build and maintain robust websites.